Chapters of No Longer Human (人間失格) pdf
Chapter 1: The First Night – The protagonist, Yozo Oba, recounts his childhood in a dysfunctional family and his struggles with fitting in with society. He expresses his feelings of being a “no longer human” and unable to comprehend human emotions.
Chapter 2: The Second Night – Yozo attends a new school where he puts up a facade of being jovial and carefree to avoid standing out. He befriends a classmate named Takeichi and they experiment with alcohol and mischief.
Chapter 3: The Third Night – Yozo reflects on his teenage years, marked by a series of failed relationships, his increasing alcoholism, and his efforts to continue hiding his true self. He is plagued by feelings of guilt and shame.
Chapter 4: The Fourth Night – Yozo’s uncle, Tsunehiko, takes him in after his father’s death. Tsunehiko is a painter and encourages Yozo’s own artistic pursuits. However, Yozo’s self-destructive tendencies continue to haunt him, leading to a breakdown in their relationship.
Chapter 5: The Fifth Night – Yozo meets a woman named Yoshiko and enters into a superficial relationship with her. He uses her as a means to escape his inner turmoil but finds himself unable to reciprocate her love. The relationship ends in tragedy.
Chapter 6: The Sixth Night – Yozo starts working at a factory where he meets a group of bohemian artists and writers. He becomes fascinated by their carefree lifestyle but still struggles to connect with others on a deeper level.
Chapter 7: The Seventh Night – Yozo’s mental state deteriorates further as he indulges in excessive drinking, promiscuity, and self-destructive behavior. He becomes increasingly detached from society and loses touch with his own identity.
Chapter 8: The Eighth Night – Yozo spirals into a deep depression, unable to find any sense of purpose or meaning in his life. He contemplates suicide as a way to escape his pain and feelings of alienation.
Chapter 9: The Ninth Night – Yozo attempts to rebuild his life and finds solace in a relationship with a young girl named Shizuko. However, his inner demons continue to haunt him and he struggles to maintain any semblance of stability.
Chapter 10: The Tenth Night – Yozo reaches the climax of his depression and resorts to living a transient life, moving from place to place to avoid confronting his inner demons. He becomes consumed by his own despair and loses hope for any kind of redemption.
Chapter 11: The Eleventh Night – Yozo’s mental and physical health deteriorates further, leading him to enter a mental institution. He undergoes various treatments and therapy but continues to feel disconnected from the world around him.
Chapter 12: The Twelfth Night – Yozo’s time in the mental institution serves as a period of reflection and self-discovery. He begins to question the nature of humanity and his own existence, searching for some semblance of understanding and acceptance.
Chapter 13: The Final Night – Yozo’s story concludes with his realization that he will never truly belong in society or understand what it means to be human. He reflects on his journey of self-destruction and alienation, ultimately resigning himself to a life lived on the fringes of society.
No Longer Human (人間失格) summary