Mobile Network Operators 2023 List of the Asia Pacific region?

Mobile Network Operators 2023 – The latest edition of the Asia-Pacific Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO) Directory, Q4 2021 (Issue 18). The product is recognized among industry players as the most trusted and reliable means of backdoor access to influential decision makers who hold key positions in MVNOs across the Asia-Pacific region. Over the past 15 years since its launch, this flagship has successfully helped hundreds of telecom build relationships with MVNOs. Companies use the MVNO directory for a number of purposes; business development, sales and marketing, B2B networking, invitations to events and mostly a significant addition to (their) resource to ensure quick access to the entire MVNO industry at your fingertips.

Mobile network operators in the Asia Pacific region will continue to be some of the leading players in the industry, thanks to the market’s growth potential, competitive landscape, and technological advancements. The number of mobile users will continue to grow, and mobile network operators will need to adopt new technologies to keep up with the demand. This report provides a detailed look at the mobile network operators in the Asia Pacific region, and their plans for the future.

Mobile Network Operators 2023

Asia Pacific MVNO Directory is created as a niche product to help “Mobile Virtual Operator Service Providers” source and acquire new business. The directory contains essential business information on operators for senior contacts in influential positions and includes the following information on all mobile operators in the Asia-Pacific region.

As we enter the next decade, the mobile network operators (MNOs) in the Asia Pacific region are planning to expand their reach to new markets and invest in new technologies. They are also anticipating increasing competition from new entrants, and are looking to remain leading players in the market. In this article, we take a look at the top five MNOs in the Asia Pacific region and what they expect in the next ten years.

Mobile Network Operators 2023

Mobile Network Operators Details

Name Of ArticleMobile Network Operators 2023
List of the Asia Pacific regionCheck here
CategoryTech
Official SiteClick here

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List of the Asia Pacific Region

Welcome to our list of the Asia Pacific Region! Here you’ll find a guide to the best places to travel in the region, as well as tips on what to do and see when you’re there. We also have a list of the best blogs and websites in the region, to help you stay up-to-date with all the latest news and trends. So whether you’re planning a vacation or working relocation, we hope you find our list helpful. Thanks for visiting!

This is a list of all mobile phone carriers in the Asia Pacific Region and their respective number of subscribers.

Afghanistan

The country’s telecom regulator is the Afghanistan Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (ATRA).

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

MTNGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
6.2[1] (Q4 2020)MTN

2

RoshanGSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
5.4[2] (Q4 2020)Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development (AKFED) 51%, Monaco Telecom International (MTI) 36.75%, TeliaSonera AB 12.25%

3

Etisalat AfghanistanGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS (3G), HSPA+ (3.75G), LTE (Under Trial)
5.4[1] (Q4 2020)Emirates Telecommunications Corporation

4

Afghan WirelessGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, LTE
3.7[1] (Q4 2020)Telephone Systems International

5

Salaam2.0 (Q4 2020)

American Samoa

As of 2004, American Samoa has 32,000 subscribers in total or an 85% penetration rate.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Blue Sky Communications850 MHz GSM
850 MHz UMTS, HSPA+LTE
0.0320[3] (2012)Ampere SPA

2

American Samoa Telecommunications Authority (ASTCA)800 MHz CDMA2000/Evolution-Data Optimized Rev

LTE

Government of American Samoa

Australia

As of March 2011, the number of mobile phone subscriptions in Australia was recorded to be 29.28 million which corresponds to a penetration rate of 129.482% over an estimated population of around 21.8 million. Mobile Network Operators 2023.

The country’s telecom regulator is the Australian Communications and Media Authority.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Telstra850[6] MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
700(28)/900(8)/1800(3)/2600(7) MHz LTE, LTE-A850(n5)/3500(n78) 5G NR
18.8[7](2020)Telstra

2

Optus900/2100** MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
700(28)/1800(3)/2100(1)/2600(7)/2300(40) MHz LTE-A2300(n40)/3500(n78) 5G NR
** 3G on band 2100 MHz available only till 04.2022
10.52[8] (Dec 2019, including MBB)Singtel

3

Vodafone (TPG Telecom)
formerly Vodafone (VHA) and TPG
900 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
850(5)/1800(3)/2100(1)/2600(7) MHz LTE-A700(n28)/3500(n78) 5G NR
5.8[9][10] (Q1 2020)Vodafone (25.05%) Hutchison Telecom (25.05%) Former TPG shareholders (49.9%, e.g. David Teoh, WHSP, public shareholders)

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Bangladesh

The total number of Mobile Phone subscriptions in Bangladesh has reached 181.43 million at the end of September 2022 The country’s telecom regulator is the Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC).

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1Grameen phone
  • 2G : GSM-900 /1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
  • 3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
  • 4G : 1800(B3)/2100(B1)/2600 (B7) MHz TD-LTE,FDD-LTE
  • 4G Calling (VoLTE) : Supported
  • Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Not Supported
  • 5G: on Trial
  • e SIM : Available
81.95
  • Telenor (55.8%)
  • Grameen Telecom (34.2%)
  • General Public & other Institutions (10%)
2ROBI
  • 2G : GSM-900 /1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
  • 3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+(Will be discontinued by 2023)
  • 4G : 900(B8)/1800(B3)/2100(B1)/2600(B7) MHz TD-LTE,FDD-LTE,LTE-A Pro Up to 3xCA B1+B3+B8
  • 4G Calling (VoLTE) : Supported
  • Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi) : Not supported
  • 5G: on Trial
  • e SIM : Not Available
54.36
  • Axiata Group BERHAD (61.82%)
  • Bharti Airtel (28.18%)
  • General public (10%)
3Bangla link
  • 2G : GSM-900 /1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
  • 3G : 2100MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
  • 4G :1800(B3)/2100(B1)/2300(B40) MHz TD-LTE,FDD-LTE
  • 4G Calling (VoLTE) : Not Supported
  • Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi) : Not supported
  • 5G: on Trial
  • e SIM : Not Available
38.34VEON
4Tele talk
  • 2G : GSM-900/1800MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
  • 3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
  • 4G : 2100(B1) /2300(B40) MHz TD-LTE,FDD-LTE
  • 4G Calling (VoLTE) : Not Supported
  • Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi) : Not supported
  • 5G – 3500 Mhz (n78) (Trial)
  • e SIM : Not Available
6.78State-owned

Bhutan

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

B-MobileGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
850 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.464(June 2021)[12]Bhutan Telecom Limited (BTL)

2

TASHI CellGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
700 MHz LTE
0.275(June 2021)[12]TASHI Group

Bougainville

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

PNG dATACOGSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
700 MHz LTE
Not Yet AvailablePNG Data Co Limited is a state owned entity, created in 2014 to provide wholesale services to the Information and Communication Industry, mandated to build, own and operate the National Transmission Network (NTN).

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Brunei Darussalam

As of December 2014, the penetration rate in Brunei Darussalam was 114%,[13] over a population estimate of over 400,000.

The country’s telecom regulator is the Authority for Info-communications Technology Industry (AITI).

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Data stream Technology Sdn Bhd (DST)GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.32[14]Data stream Digital

2

Progress if Cellular Sdn Bhd (formerly B-mobile)2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA, HSPA+0.15[15]Darussalam Assets Sdn Bhd

Cambodia

As of June 2013, the penetration rate in Cambodia was estimated at 69.318% over a population estimate of over 14.7 million. Mobile Network Operators 2023.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Met FoneGSM-900/1800 (GPRS)
UMTS, HSDPALTE
9 (2015)[17]Viettel Cambodia

2

SmartGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
8 {{[18]}}Axiata Group BERHAD

3

Cell cardGSM-900 MHz
2100 MHz UMTSLTE
2.5[19] (2010)The Royal Group,[20]

China (mainland)

The country’s telecom regulator is the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

China MobileGSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100(B1)/1800(B3)/900(B8) LTE
1900(B39)/2300(B40)/2600(B38,B41) MHz TD-LTE, VoLTE
700 MHz(N28)/2.6 GHz(N41)/4.7 GHz(N79) 5G NR
945.50[21] (June 2021)Government of China

2

China Telecom850/2100 MHz CDMA2000 1xRTT EV-DO Rev 0, Rev A 850(B5)/1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE-A, VoLTE
3.5 GHz (N78) 5G NR
362.49[22] (June 2021)Government of China

3

China UnicomGSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE-A
3.5 GHz (N78) 5G NR
310.45[23] (June 2021)Government of China

4

China Broadnet1800(B3)/900(B8) LTE
1900(B39)/2300(B40)/2600(B38) MHz TD-LTE, VoLTE
700 MHz(N28)/2.6 GHz(N41)/4.7 GHz(N79) 5G NR
Not Yet AvailableGovernment of China

Cook Islands

As of 2019, Cook Islands has 6,000 subscribers in total.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Vodafone
(formerly Blue sky)
900 MHz GSM
UMTS
LTE
Not Yet AvailableTele Raro Limited (60%)[25]

Fiji

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Fiji was estimated at 79.957% over a population estimate of around 0.9 million.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Vodafone900 MHz GSM, GPRS, EDGE
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
0.730 (2017)[27]Amalgamated Telecom Holdings, 72.6% owned by the Fiji National Provident Fund[28] (51%)

Fiji National Provident Fund (49%)[29]

2

DIGICEL900 MHz GSM, GPRS, EDGE
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet AvailableDIGICEL

French Polynesia

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in French Polynesia was estimated at 98.7% over a population estimate of around 268.000. Mobile Network Operators 2023.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1VINI900 MHz GPRS, EDGE
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA800/2600 MHz LTE
0.250[citation needed]ONATi SAS
2Vodafone900MHz GSM, EDGE
900/2100MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800/2100/2600 LTE-A3.5 GHz (N78) 5G NR 5G-NSA
0.140[citation needed]Pacific Mobile Telecom
3VITIWiMAX

800/2600 MHz LTE

Not Yet Available

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Guam

As of 2012, Guam has 185,000 subscribers in total.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

IT&E and I connect1900 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
700/1900 MHz LTE Advanced
Not Yet AvailablePTI Pacifica Inc.

2

Docomo PacificCDMA One
GSM-1900 MHz (GPRS)
850 MHz UMTS
700 MHz LTE
Not Yet AvailableNTT DoCoMo

3

GTAGSM-850/1900 MHz (GPRS)
850 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1700 MHz LTE
Not Yet AvailableTele Guam Holdings LLC

Hong Kong

As of March 2020, the penetration rate in Hong Kong was estimated at 275% over a population estimate of over 7.521 million, with 23.21 million public mobile subscriptions. Hong Kong’s telecom regulator is the Office of the Communications Authority (OFCA).

As of March 2021, there were 24 registered Mobile Virtual Network Operators, apart from the 4 major mobile network operators in Hong Kong.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1CMHK
(China Mobile Hong Kong)
GSM-1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78)/4.7 GHz(n79) 5G NR
5.000[36] (Jun 2021)China Mobile
2HKT
(including csl, 1O1O, Club SIM and SUN Mobile)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78)/4.7 GHz(n79) 5G NR
4.477[37] (Jun 2021)PCCW Limited
33 Hong KongGSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR
3.279[38] (Dec 2020)Hutchison Telecom
4Smar ToneGSM-900/1800 (GPRS)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78)/4.7 GHz(n79) 5G NR
2.70[39] (Dec 2020)Sun Hung Kai Properties
Mobile virtual network operators
1HKBN
(4G using CMHK or Smar Tone;
5G using 3 Hong Kong)
Hong Kong Broadband Network Limited
2Birdie (Using Smar Tone)GSM-900/1800 (GPRS)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
Sun Hung Kai Properties
3Mobile Duck (Using CMHK)GSM-1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78)/4.7 GHz(n79) 5G NR
China Mobile
4MO+ (Using 3 Hong Kong)GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
Hutchison Telecom
5Value GB (Using Smar Tone)GSM-900/1800 (GPRS)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
O.F.W. Services Limited
6MB (Using CMHK)GSM-1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
Multibyte Info Technology Ltd
7IMC (Using HKT)GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
IMC Networks Limited
8China Unicom (Using 3 Hong Kong)GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR
China Unicom
9CT Excel (Using HKT)GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
China Telecom

India

Main article: List of mobile network operators of India

RankOperatorTechnology Subscribers[40]
(in millions)
Ownership
1JIO
  • 850(B5)/1800(B3)/2300(B40) LTE, TD-LTE, FD-LTE, LTE-A
  • 700/3300/26 GHz (n258)mm Wave 5G NR
  • VoLTE, VoLTE, VoWiFi[41]
  • Wi Fi
419.97 [40][42]

[43]

Jio Platforms
2Airtel
  • GSM – 900/1800 (EDGE), GPRS
  • 900(B8)/1800(B3)/2100(B1)/2300(B40) LTE, TD-LTE, FD-LTE, LTE-A
  • 3300 /26Ghz(n258)mmWave 5G NR
  • VoLTE, ViLTE, VoWiFi[44]
  • WiFi
364.22[40][45]Bharti Airtel Limited
3Vi
  • GSM – 900/1800 (EDGE), GPRS
  • 900(B8)/1800(B3)/2100(B1)/2300(B40)/2500(B41) LTE, TD-LTE, FD-LTE, LTE-A[46]
  • 3300 /26Ghz(n258)mm Wave 5G NR
  • VoLTE, VoLTE, VoWiFi[47]
  • Wi Fi[48]
249.13[40]
[49]
Government of India (35.8%)
Vodafone Group (28.5%)
Aditya Birla Group (17.8%)
Private equity (17.9%)
4BSNL
  • GSM – 900/1800 (EDGE), GPRS
  • 850(B5)/2100(B1)/2500(B41)LTE, TD-LTE, FD-LTE, LTE-A
  • VoLTE[50]
  • WiMAX, Wi Fi,
109.35[40][51]Government of India
5MTNL
(Areas: Mumbai, Delhi)
  • GSM – 900/1800/2100 (EDGE), GPRS, UMTS
2.77Government of India
Subsidiary of Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited

Indonesia

Indonesia has 254.792 million subscribers in total[52] (April 2018), or a 142.00% penetration rate[53] (January 2017).The regulatory authority for telecommunication in Indonesia is the Ministry of Communication and Informatics, having taking over the roles from the Badan Regulasi Telekomunikasi Indonesia (Indonesia Telecommunication Regulation Body), which was dissolved in November 2021.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
OwnershipMCC / MNC

1

Telk omsel
(Include previous Telkom Flexi network)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
900/1800/2100 MHz FDD-LTE, 2300 MHz TDD-LTE, VoLTE
2300(n40) MHz NR
174.9[54] (2022Q1)Telkom Indonesia (65%)
Singtel (35%)
51010

2

XL Axiata
(Include previous Axis network)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)

900/1800 MHz FDD-LTE, LTE-A, VoLTE
2100(n1)/1800(n3) MHz NR

53.3[55] (June 2019)Axiata Group Berhad (61.16%)
Public (38%)
51011

3

Indosat Ooredoo Hutchison
(Include previous Satelindo, Indosat-M3, 3 and StarOne network)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100 MHz FDD-LTE, LTE-A
1800(n3) MHz NR
Ooredoo Hutchison Asia (65%)
Government of Indonesia (9.6%)
Public (14%)
51001, 51021 and 51089

4

Smart fren
(Include previous Esia and Mobile-8 network)
850 MHz FDD-LTE

2300 MHz TDD-LTE VoLTE

Sinar Mas Group[56]51009 and 51028
Mobile Virtual Network Operators

1

by. U
(using Telko msel)
N/AN/ATelkomsel

3

Live. On
(using XL Axiata)
N/AN/AXL Axiata / Circles.Life

4

Power Up
(using Smartfren)
N/AN/ASmartfren

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Japan

See also: Mobile phone industry in Japan § Providers

As of May 2020, Japan has 182.15 million subscribers in total,[57] or a 144.61% penetration rate. Mobile Network Operators 2023.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

NTT Docomo800(B6)/2100(B1) MHz UMTS, HSPA
700(B28)/800(B19)/1500(B21)/1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE
Wideband LTE Advanced
3500(B42) MHz TD-LTE, LTE-A
3.5(n78)/4.9(n79) GHz 5G NR
82.632[57] (Mar 2021)NTT

2

au850/2100 MHz CDMA2000, 1xRTT, EV-DO
700(B28)/800(B18)/1500(B11)/1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE
2500(B41)/3500(B42) MHz TD-LTE3.5(n78)/3.7(n77) GHz 5G NR
60.398[57] (Mar 2021)KDDI

3

SoftBank Corp.
& Ymobile
900(B8)/2100(B1) MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700(B28)/900(B8)/1500(B11)/1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE
2500(B41)/3500(B42) MHz TD-LTE3.7(n77) GHz 5G NR
45.621[57] (Mar 2021)SoftBank Group (99.99%)[59]

4

Rakuten Mobile[60]1800(B3) MHz LTE

3.5(n77) GHz 5G NR

N/ARakuten
Mobile Virtual Network Operators

1

Disney Mobile
(using SoftBank Mobile)
UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSDPA
TD-LTE
N/ASoftBank / The Walt Disney Company

2

b-mobile
(using NTT Docomo)
2100/800 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1500/2100 MHz LTE
N/AJapan Communications Inc.

3

IIJ mioInternet Initiative Japan

Kazakhstan

As of October 2021, the penetration rate in Kazakhstan was estimated at 131.09% over a population estimate of around 19.08 million, with 25.012 million mobile subscriptions.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Beeline
(including izi)
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
n78 5G NR
9.8[61] (October 2021)VEON

2

Kcell
(including activ)
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
7.957[62] (Sep 2021)Kazakh Telecom (51%), Jysan Bank (24%),[63] free float (25%)

3

Tele2 Kazakhstan
(including Altel)
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
n78 5G NR
7.255[64] (Dec 2019)KazakhTelecom

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Kyrgyzstan

As of 2008, Kyrgyzstan has 6.6 million subscribers in total, a 120% penetration rate. Mobile Network Operators 2023.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Mega ComGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+800/1800/2100 MHz LTE
2.7[65] (2012)JSC Alpha Telecom

2

BeelineGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
 2.4[65] (Aug 2012)Sky Mobile Ltd. (VEON)

3

FonexCDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+0.42[66] (2008)Aktel Ltd.

4

O!GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/2600 MHz LTE
0.9[65]NUR Telecom Ltd.

5

KatelTDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+0.1[66] (2008)KATEL

6

NexiCDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+0.049[66] (2008)SoTel

7

Sapat MobileCDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+0.011[66] (2008)Win line Ltd.

Laos

As of 2012, Laos mobile penetration was 70.86% with 4.841 millions subscriptions.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

UnitelGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA1800 MHz LTE[67]
2.705[citation needed]Lao Asia Telecommunication State Enterprise (LAT) (51%), Viettel Global (49%)[68]

2

Lao TelecomGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA (14.4 Mbit/s)2600 MHz LTE[69]
1.291[citation needed]Government of Lao P.D.R. (51%), Shennington Investments (Thaicom) (49%)[70]

3

TPLUSGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+ (21 Mbit/s)
WiMAX
0.289[71]Government of Lao P.D.R. (100%)[71]

4

ETLGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+ (21 Mbit/s)
0.439 Jiafu Holdings (51%)
Government of Lao P.D.R. (49%)[72]

Macau

As of December 2016, Macau had about 1.969 million subscribers in total.[73] Macau’s telecom regulator is Direcção dos Serviços de Correios e Telecomunicações (DSRT).

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

CTMGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
0.856[74] (December 2016)CITIC Telecom International (99%)
Correios de Macau (1%)

2

3GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+1800 MHz LTE[75]
(Information not available)Hutchison Telecom

3

China TelecomCDMA, CDMA2000, EVDO

1800 MHz LTE[75]

(Information not available)Government of China

4

SmarToneGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+1800 MHz LTE[76]
(Information not available)Sun Hung Kai Properties

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Malaysia

As of March 2014, the penetration rate in Malaysia was estimated at 144.2%.

The country’s telecom regulator is the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1Digi2G: 900, 1800 MHz (EDGE)

4G: 900(B8), 1800(B3), 2100(B1), 2600(B7) MHz (LTE, LTE-A)
5G: uses DNB 5G NSA

• VoLTE, VoWiFi, eSIM

10.698[78] (3Q 2022) celcomdigi

Axiata Group Berhad (33.1%)
Telenor (33.1%)
Employees Provident Fund (Malaysia) (9%)[79]

Celcom2G: 900,1800 MHz (EDGE)

4G: 900(B8),1800(B3),2100(B1),2600(B7)MHz (LTE-A)
5G: uses DNB 5G NSA

• VoLTE, VoWifi, eSIM

9.584[80] (2Q 2022)
>(not including MVNOs)

12.793(Incld MVNOs, as 4Q19)Corporate completed merging with Digi, network still work independently2Maxis

2G: 900, 1800 MHz (EDGE)

4G: 900(B8), 1800(B3), 2100(B1), 2600(B7) MHz (LTE, LTE-A)

• VoLTE, VoWiFi, eSIM

11.877[81] (3Q 2022)Ananda Krishnan (62%)
Saudi Telecom Company (17.5%)3U Mobile

2G: Uses Celcom 2G nationwide

4G: 900(B8),1800(B3),2100(B1),2600(B7)MHz (LTE-A)
5G: uses DNB 5G NSA

• VoLTE, VoWiFi, eSIM

6.12[82] (4Q 2017)ST Telemedia (35%)
U Television Sdn Bhd (21%)
Ibrahim Ismail of Johor (15%)
MPHB Capital Bhd. (6%)4Yes 4G

4G: 800(B20), 2300(B40), 2600(B38) MHz (LTE, LTE-A)

• VoLTE
5G:uses DNB 5G NSA

0.7[83] (3Q 2013)YTL Communications(a unit of YTL Corporation)5ALTEL-lease 2600 MHz spectrum to Digi and Celcom
-uses Celcom 2G/4G network
0.7(2016)[84]Puncak Semangat Sdn Bhd (unit owned by Syed Mokhtar Al-Bukhary)6Unifi Mobile2G: Uses Celcom 2G nationwide
4G: 850(B5), 2300(B40), 2600(B38) MHz (LTE, LTE-A)

 

• VoLTE
• 2.6 GHz Band 7 LTE in some in-building places by Celcom network

5G:uses DNB 5G NSA
0.4674[85] (3Q 2014) Telekom Malaysia (91.8%)
SK Telecom (8.2%)[86]7Redtone2300 MHz WiMAX (East Malaysia only)
-lease 2600 MHz spectrum to Maxis
Berjaya Corporation Berhad8

Digital Nasional Berhad (DNB)

(Malaysia 5G Single Wholesale Network)

700 MHz(B28) LTE
3500 MHz(N77/78) 5G NR
Ministry of Finance (Malaysia)Mobile Virtual Network Operators1XOX
(uses Celcom)
1.7[87] (Mac 2017)XOX2TuneTalk
(uses Celcom)
1.5[88] (August 2014)Tune Ventures(35.75%)
Celcom(35%)3redONE
(uses Celcom)
1.2[89][90] (March 2019)Redtone International4Merchantrade
(uses Celcom)
0.3[91] (3Q 2012)Celcom
Sumitomo Corporation5SpeakOut
(uses DiGi)

Pavo Communications6MY Evolution
(uses DiGi)

M2M services in Asia[92]7Telin Malaysia (Kartu As)
(uses U Mobile)

Telin Malaysia. Telin Malaysia is a joint venture (JV) company between Compudyne Telecommunication Systems Sdn. Bhd and PT Telin, a company fully owned by PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia (Telkom).[93]8mCalls
(uses DiGi)

Partnership between Pavo Communications and DiGi.[94]

 

Maldives

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Maldives was estimated at 116.456% over a population estimate of around 0.4 million. Mobile Network Operators 2023.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

DhiraaguGSM-900 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
LTE
0.350[96] (October 2012)Dhiraagu

2

Ooredoo MaldivesGSM-900 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.272[97] (Q2 2014)Ooredoo

Marshall Islands

As of 2008, Marshall Islands has 1000 subscribers in total.[98]

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

NTAGSM-900 UMTS

LTE

0.0007[98] (2008)MINTA

Micronesia, Federated States of

As of 2008, Federated States of Micronesia has 34,000 subscribers in total.[99]

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

FSM TelecomGSM-900 UMTS 0.0274[99] (2008)FSMTC

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Mongolia

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Mongolia was estimated at 80.120% over a population estimate of around 3.1 million.[100]

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

MobicomGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+

700/1800 MHz LTE[101] 1.7[102] (June 2014)KDDI, Sumitomo Corporation, Newcom Group

2

UnitelGSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+

 

1800 MHz LTE 1.54[103] (June 2014)MCS Group

3

SkytelCDMA One
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.6[103] (June 2014)Altai Holdings, Shunkhlai Group

4

G-MobileCDMA One
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.47[103] (June 2014)

 

Myanmar

As of January 2019, the penetration rate in Myanmar was estimated at 105% over a population estimate of around 54 million. Mobile Network Operators 2023.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

MPT450/800 MHz CDMA, CDMA2000 1x-EVDO
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
22 (October 2018)[104]State-owned, KDDI, Sumitomo Corporation

2

TelenorGSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
17.183 (October 2020)[104]Telenor

3

OoredooGSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
14.839 (May 2020)[104]Ooredoo

4

MytelGSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
6 (June 2019)[104] Viettel (49%)
Star High Telecom (28%)
Myanmar National Telecom Holding (23%)[104]

Nauru

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Nauru was estimated at 42.909% over a population estimate of around 9,000 people.[105] The World Factbook shows 6,700 subscribers in 2011.[106]

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

DIGICELGSM-900 UMTS

LTE

0.007DIGICEL Pacific Ltd.

Nepal

As of August 2017, the penetration rate in Nepal was estimated at 130.24% over a population estimate of around 26.5 million. Mobile Network Operators 2023.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

NcellGSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS, 3G, 4G, HSDPA
LTE-1800 MHz
15.889[107] (August 2017)Axiata Group Berhad (80%)

2

Nepal Telecom CDMA, EV-DO
900 MHz GSM, GPRS
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, 3G, 4G, HSPA+
WiMAX 1800 MHz
LTE-1800 MHz[108] VoLTE, LTE-A
15.502[107] (August 2017)Nepal Doorsanchar Company Ltd.

3

SmartCell3G, 4G, GSM 900/1800
GPRS 900/2100
LTE-1800 MHz (Testing)
1.623[107] (August 2017)Smart Telecom

New Caledonia

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Mobilis900 MHz GSM
2100 MHz UMTS
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
0.244[109] (2012)Office des Postes et Telecommunications

New Zealand

Further information: Telecommunications in New Zealand § Telephones

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in New Zealand was estimated at 124.326% over a population estimate of around 4.3 million.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Vodafone
(formerly BellSouth)
900 MHz GSM, GPRS
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2.538 (July 2019)[110][111]Infratil Limited & Brookfield Asset Management Inc

2

Spark
(formerly Telecom)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/1800/2100/2300/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2.46 (May 2019)[112]Public (NZX: SPK)

3

2degrees900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/900/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
1.41 (May 2019)[112] Voyage Australia Pty Limited[113]
Mobile virtual network operators

?

Compass Mobile
(using Spark)[114]
UMTS, HSPA, LTE?Compass Communications

?

Orcon Mobile
(using Spark)
UMTS, HSPA, LTE?Voyage Australia Pty Limited

?

Slingshot Mobile
(using Spark)
UMTS, HSPA, LTE?Voyage Australia Pty Limited

?

Skinny
(using Spark)
UMTS, HSPA, LTE?Spark (NZX: SPK)

?

Warehouse Mobile[115]
(using 2degrees)
UMTS, HSPA, LTE?The Warehouse Group (NZX: TWG)

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Niue

As of 2008, Niue has about 385 subscribers in total, a 25% penetration rate.[116]

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Telecom Niue 900 MHz GSM[117]
700 MHz LTE[118]
0.000385[116] (2008)Telecom Niue

Norfolk Island

As of October 2008, Norfolk Island has 131 subscribers in total, a 6.5% penetration rate.[119]

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Norfolk Telecom900 MHz UMTS
700 MHz LTE
0.000131[119] (October 2008)Norfolk Telecom

North Korea

As of March 2011 North Korea has over a million subscribers in total. Mobile Network Operators 2023.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Koryolink2100 MHz UMTS 3.8[121] (end 2015)Global Telecom Holding S.A.E. (75%)
Korea Post and Telecommunications Corporation (25%)

See also: Telecommunications in North Korea § Mobile phones

Northern Mariana Islands

As of 2004, the Northern Mariana Islands have 20,500[122] subscribers in total.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Docomo PacificCDMA One
GSM-1900 (GPRS)
UMTS

LTENot Yet AvailableNTT DoCoMo

2

IT&ECDMA One
GSM-850
UMTS, HSPA+
700 MHz LTENot Yet AvailableIT&E Overseas, Inc

 

Pakistan

As of October 2022, Pakistan has 193.51 million subscribers in total with a mobile density of 87.62%.[123]

The country’s telecom regulator is the PTA (Pakistan Telecommunication Authority).

4OperatorTechnology Subscribers
(in millions)[124]
OwnershipMCC / MNC
Mainland PakistanKashmir

1

Jazz

•(Includes the previous Warid and Mobilink networks)

900 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900 MHz, 1800 MHz LTE/LTE-A

900 MHz

1800 MHZ

74.59VEON41001 (Mobilink)
41007 (WaridTel)

2

Telenor Pakistan900 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
850 MHz, 1800 MHz LTE/LTE-A

900 MHz GSM / EDGE

Band 1 (2100 MHz) UMTS

Band 3 (1800 MHz) LTE

48.77Telenor41006

3

Zong900 MHz, 1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+

1800 MHz, 2100 MHz LTE/LTE-A

900 MHz

1800 MHZ

45.01China Mobile41004

4

Ufone

(Roams on SCOM in Azad Kashmir & Gilgit-Baltistan)[125]

900 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz, 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+

1800 MHz LTE

900 MHz

1800 MHZ

23.46Etisalat (26%) and Government of Pakistan41003Roams on SCOM5

SCOM

(Roams on Ufone in Mainland Pakistan,[125])

Roams on Ufone

900 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)

2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+

1800 MHz LTE

850 MHz LTE, LTE-A

1.68Government of Pakistan41005

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Palau

As of 2012, Palau has 17,150 subscribers in total.[126]

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribersOwnership

1

PNCC (PalauCel)GSM-900 MHz

WCDMA-900 MHz (Band 8)[127]

LTE-700 MHz (Band 28)

17,150Palau National Communications Corporation (PNCC)

Papua New Guinea

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Papua New Guinea was estimated at 47.595% over a population estimate of around 6.2 million. Mobile Network Operators 2023.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

DIGICELGSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
700 MHz LTE
Not Yet AvailableDIGICEL

2

B MobileGSM-900 (GPRS)
900 MHz UMTS
Not Yet AvailablePacific Mobile Communications

3

Telikom PNG850 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

1800 MHz LTE

Not Yet AvailableTelikom (PNG) LTD

Philippines

As of November 2021, the number of subscribers in the Philippines was estimated at approximately 158.4 million, a 144.53% penetration rate.

The country’s telecom regulator is the National Telecommunications Commission (NTC).

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1Globe TelecomGSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
700/850/1800/2100 MHz FDD-LTE, 2500 MHz TDD-LTE
WiMAX LTE-A
3500 MHz 5G NR
83.9 (September 30, 2021)[129]Ayala Corporation (13.20%)
Singtel (20.10%)
Asiacom Philippines, Inc. (50.85%)
Directors, Officers, ESOP (0.19%)
Public Stock (15.66%)
2Smart CommunicationsGSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
700/850/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A, WiMAX
3500 MHz 5G NR
70.5 (September 30, 2021)[130]PLDT
(NTT docomo)
3Dito Telecommunity700/2000/2100/2500/3300 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3500 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE
ViLTE
13.0 (November 2022)[131]Dito CME Holdings Corporation (60%)
China Telecommunications Corporation (40%)
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
1TNT
(using Smart)
Smart Communications
2TM
(using Globe)
Globe Telecom
3Cherry Prepaid
(using Globe)
Globe Telecom
Cosmic Technologies
4GOMO
(using Globe)
Globe Telecom

Samoa

As of January 2021, Samoa had 146,300 subscribers in total, a 73.4% penetration rate.[132]

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Vodafone Samoa
(formerly Blue sky Samoa)
900 MHz GSM
1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available

2

DIGICEL900 MHz GSM, GPRS, EDGE,
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet AvailableDIGICEL

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Singapore

As of April 2021, the penetration rate in Singapore was estimated at 149.5% over a population estimate of around 5.7 million. Mobile Network Operators 2023.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Singtel Mobile
with a digital sub-brand GOMO and heya
3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
5G : 2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR-NSA/SA

• VoLTE, VoWiFi, VoNR

• eSIM  : Available (only for Apple Watch) 4.1[134] (March 2021)Temasek Holdings

2

StarHub
with a digital sub-brand giga!3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
5G : 2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR-NSA/SA

 

• VoLTE, VoWiFi, VoNR 2.054[135] (1H 2022)ST Telemedia
Ooredoo
NTT docomo

3

M13G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
4G : 1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE-A
5G : 2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR-NSA/SA

 

• VoLTE, VoWiFi, VoNR

• eSIM  : Available 1.9[136] (December 2021)Keppel Corporation
SPH

4

SIMBA
(formerly TPG Mobile)4G : 900(B8)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
5G : 2.3 GHz(n40)/28 GHz(n257 mmWave)/26 GHz(n258 mmWave) 5G NR-NSA/SA

 

• VoLTE 0.5[137] (April 2022)TUAS Limited

5

GRID Communications806-821/851-866 MHz iDENN/AGRID Communications Pte LtdMobile virtual network operators1Circles.Life (Using M1)900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE-A

 

• VoLTE

• eSIM  : Available0.26 (End 2018)Liberty Wireless Pte Ltd2Zero1 (Using Singtel)900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
Zero13MyRepublic (Using StarHub; Using M1 w.e.f. 31 March 2020 for new signups)

StarHub:

900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A

M1:

900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE-A

• VoLTE

• eSIM  : Available

0.07 (May2021)[138] MyRepublic[139]4redONE (Using StarHub)900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
Redtone International5VIVIFI (Using Singtel)900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
ICYMI Pte Ltd6Geenet Mobile (Using M1)900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE-A
Geenet Pte Ltd7China Mobile CMLink SG (Using Singtel)900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
China Mobile International8ZYM (Using Singtel)900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
mDR Limited9Changi Mobile (Using M1)900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE-A

 

• VoLTE, VoWiFi
Changi Recommends9Gorilla Mobile (Using M1)900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE-A

• VoLTE, VoWiFi
Gorilla Networks Pte Ltd

Solomon Islands

As of 2008, Solomon Islands has 30,000 subscribers in total.[140]

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Our Telekom900/1800 MHz GSM
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
LTE
0.03[140] (2008)Solomon Telekom Company Limited

South Korea

As of December 2017, South Korea has 63.7 million subscribers in total or a 122.9% penetration rate.[141][142]

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

SK Telecom3G : 2100 MHz UMTS
4G : 850/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE-FDD, LTE-A Pro with VoLTE
5G : n78(Sub-6), n257(mmWave)
27.019[141] (Q4 2017)SK Group

2

KT
(formerly olleh, KTF)
3G : 2100 MHz UMTS
4G : 900/1800/2100 MHz LTE-FDD, LTE-A Pro with VoLTE
5G : n78(Sub-6)
16.493[141] (Q4 2017)KT Corporation

3

LG U+
(formerly LG Telecom)
4G : 850/2100/2600 MHz LTE-FDD with VoLTE
5G : n78(Sub-6)
12.625[141] (Q4 2017)LG Corporation

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka has 31.4 million subscribers in total, or a 135% penetration rate.[143] (March 2022)

The country’s telecom regulator is Telecommunications Regulatory Commission of Sri Lanka (TRCSL). Mobile Network Operators 2023.

RankOperator Technology[144]Subscribers
(in millions)
OwnershipMCC/MNC Tuple

1

Dialog
(Formerly MTN Network)
2G : GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 900(B8), 1800(B3), 2100(B1), 2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
4G Calling (VoLTE) : Supported[145]
5G: 3.5(n78) GHz 5G NR (Trial)[146][147]
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Supported[148]

eSIM  : Available[149] 17.6[150] (Q1 2022)Axiata Group Berhad (83.32%)413-02

2

SLTMobitel
(Formerly Mobitel)
2G : GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 850(B5), 1800(B3), 2100(B1) MHz LTE-A
4G Calling (VoLTE) : Supported
5G: 3.5(n78) GHz 5G NR (Trial)[151]
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Supported

 

eSIM  : Available[152] 10.2[153] (Q4 2021)Sri Lanka Telecom PLC (100%)413-01

3

Hutch
Includes the previous Etisalat network.[154]
2G : GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 900(B8), 1800(B3) MHz LTE-FDD[155]
4G Calling (VoLTE) : Supported
5G: 3.5(n78) GHz 5G NR (Trial)[156]
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Not supported

 

eSIM  : Not available 3.9[157] (Q4 2021) CK Hutchison Holdings Limited (85%)[154]
Emirates Telecommunication Group Company PJSC (15%)413-08

4

Airtel 2G : GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
4G : 850(B5), 2100(B1), 2600(B7) MHz LTE-FDD[158]
4G Calling (VoLTE) : Supported
5G: 3.5(n78) GHz 5G NR (Trial)[159]
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Not supported

 

eSIM  : Not available 2.9[160] (Q1 2022)Bharti Airtel Limited (100%)413-05

Note:

Taiwan

As of June 2011, the penetration rate in Taiwan was estimated at 105.354% over a population estimate of around 23 million. Mobile Network Operators 2023.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers

(in millions)

Ownership

1

Chunghwa Telecom 中華電信3G : 2100/900 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
4G : 2100(B1)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE, LTE-A Pro
5G : 2100(n1)/3500(n78)/28000(n257) MHz 5G NR-NSA
• LTE-U/LAA
• VoLTE & EVS
• VoWiFi
• eSIM
10.668[162] (December 2021)Republic of China Ministry of Transportation and Communications (35.29%)

2

Taiwan Mobile 台灣大哥大3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
4G : 2100(B1)/1800(B3)/700(B28) MHz LTE, LTE-A Pro
5G : 700(n28)/3500(n78)/28000(n257) MHz 5G NR-NSA
• VoLTE
• VoWiFi
• eSIM
7.094[162] (December 2021)Fubon Group

3

Far EasTone 遠傳電信3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
4G : 2100(B1)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/700(B28)/2600(B38) MHz LTE, LTE-A Pro
5G : 2100(n1)/3500(n78)/28000(n257) MHz 5G NR-NSA
• LTE-U/LAA
• VoLTE
• VoWiFi
• eSIM

*5G 3.5 GHz sharing with Asia Pacific Telecom 7.057[162] (December 2021)Far Eastern Group

4

T STAR 台灣之星3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
4G : 2100(B1)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE, LTE-A
5G : 3500(n78) MHz 5G NR-NSA
• VoLTE
• eSIM
2.674[162] (December 2021)Ting Hsin International Group (63%)

5

GT 亞太電信2G : 900 MHz GSM
4G : 900(B8)/700(B28)/2600(B38) MHz LTE, LTE-A
5G : 3500(n78)/28000(n257) MHz 5G NR-NSA
• VoLTE
• VoWiFi
• eSIM

 

*5G 3.5 GHz using FarEasTone’s network 2.084[162] (December 2021)Foxconn (14%) FarEasTone (11.58%)Mobile virtual network operators1Circles.Life (Using Chunghwa)

2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+

2100(1)/900(8)/1800(3)/2600(B7)MHz LTE

Liberty Wireless Pte Ltd2Ibon Mobile (Using FarEasTone)

2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

2100(1)/1800(3)/2600(7)/700(28)/2600(38) MHz LTE

7-Eleven

 

Tajikistan

Tajikistan has an estimated 4.5 million subscribers in total, a 42% penetration rate.[163]

The Telecom Regulator is the Communications Regulatory Agency (CRA). Mobile Network Operators 2023.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

TcellGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800 MHz LTE
3.301[164] (2013) Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development (100%)[165]

2

Babilon-MobileGSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE
0.8[166] (March 2008)

3

ZET Mobile
(Formerly Beeline)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.836[167] (May 2011) ZET Mobile Ltd. (100%)[168]

4

MegaFonGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.517[167] (May 2011)MegaFon (75%)

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Thailand

As of December 2020, the mobile penetration rate in Thailand was 135% over a population of around 69.71 million.[169]
The regulatory authority for telecommunication in Thailand is the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC). Mobile Network Operators 2023.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

AIS, AWN

(Advance Info Service), (Advance Wireless Network)
with a digital sub-brand GOMO by AIS (formerly NU MOBILE by AIS)

2G : GSM-900 MHz
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : *B1/B8
4G  : FDD LTE: B1/B3/B8/B28  TDD LTE: B41/B38(MFBI)
4.5G : LTE-A Pro Up to 4xCA B1+B1+B3+B28, 4×4 MIMO, 256/64QAM, ULCA
4G Calling (VoLTE, ViLTE) : Supported
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Native device support and via WiFi calling app

5G : NR-NSA (ENDC option 3x), NR-SA, NR-CA

5G Calling (VoNR, ViNR) : Supported

FR1 : FDD: n1/n28 TDD: n41

FR2  : n258
(B1, B3, B8, B28, B41 = 2100/1800/900/700/2500-2690) MHz respectively)
*Pseudo MVNO on 80% of TOT’s 3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 (B1: 2100 MHz) capacity[170]43.65 (Q3/2021)Intouch Holdings

2

TrueMove H

2001-2005 (TA-Orange) or ( Orange TH)

2005-2012

(True Move)

2012-now

(True Move – H) rebrand after buy CDMA network provider on 850 mHz for the 850 mHz spectrum license’s . (Hutchison CAT wireless multimedia)

2G : GSM-900 MHz
3G : UMTS/WCDMA: B1/*B5
4G  : FDD LTE: B1/B3/B8 TDD LTE: B41
4.5G : LTE-A Pro Up to 3xCA B1+B3+B8, nationwide 4x4MIMO, 256/64QAM, ULCA
4G Calling (VoLTE, ViLTE) : Supported
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Native device support and via WiFi calling app

 

5G : NR-NSA (EN-DC option 3x), NR-SA

FR1 : FDD: n28 TDD: n41

FR2  : n258
(B1, B3, B5, B8, B28, B41 = 2100/1800/850/900/700/2500-2690 MHz respectively)
*Pseudo MVNO on 80% of CAT Telecom’s 3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5 capacity[170]32.0 (Q3/2021)True Corporation
China Mobile (18%)

3

Dtac or dtac

(Total Access Communication a member of Telenor group)

dtac-T

(dtac-Turbo) or (dtac-TOT) this is the co-resellers brands with the government’s mobile operators “TOT Mobile” (Currently NT Mobile) on 2300 mHz spectrums.

(dtac Trinet Network)
with a digital sub-brand FINN Mobile (formerly LINE Mobile TH)

2G : GSM-1800 MHz
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1/B5/B8
4G  : FDD LTE : B1/B3/B28 TDD LTE : B40
4.5G : LTE-A Pro Up to 3xCA on B40, 4x4MIMO, 256/64QAM, ULCA
4G Calling (VoLTE, ViLTE) : Supported
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Native device support and via WiFi calling app

 

5G : NR-NSA (EN-DC 3x)

FR1 : n28

FR2  : n258
(B1, B3, B5, B8, B28, B40 = 2100/1800/850/900/700/2300 MHz respectively)


*Pseudo MVNO on 60% of TOT’s 4G : TDD LTE : B40 (B40: 2300 MHz) capacity[170]19.3 (Q3/2021)Telenor (42.61%)
Thai Telco Holdings (15.03%)
Telephone Organization of Thailand (TOT) (5.58%)

4

my by NT3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5
4G : FDD LTE : B1/B3 (Roaming on Truemove H, B8 prohibited)
4.5G : Up to 2xCA B1+B3, nationwide 4×4 MIMO on B3, 256/64QAM
4G Calling (VoLTE, ViLTE) : Unsupported

 

5G : NR

Low band : N28
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : No
(B1, B3, B5 = 2100/1800/850 MHz respectively)2.8 (EOY 2020)CAT Telecom

5

NT Mobile (formerly TOT Mobile)3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1
4G  : FDD LTE : B1

 

(B1 deployed on AIS’ infrastructure.)
TDD LTE : B40 (B40: 2300 MHz)4.5G  : LTE-A Pro Up to 3xCA on B40, 4x4MIMO, 256/64QAM (Using DTN’s infrastructure.)

5G : 5G-NSA

mmWave : N2580.533 (EOY 2020)TOT Public Company LimitedMobile Virtual Network Operators

1

IEC3G Buzzme
(Host operator TOT)3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1Closed January 2019Mobile 8 Telco Sdn Bhd.

2

i-Kool 3G
(Host operator TOT)3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B10.002251Loxley Public Company Limited.

3

MyWorld 3G
(Host operator CAT)3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5ClosedData CDMA Communication Co., Ltd.

4

Penguin
(Host operator CAT & TOT)3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1/B5
0.029690[171]The WhiteSpace Co.Ltd.

5

OPEN SIM i-mobile
(Host operator CAT)3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5
Closed June 2017[172]Samart Corporation Public Company Limited.

6

imobile-3GX
(Host operator CAT)3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5
Closed June 2017[172]Samart Corporation Public Company Limited.

7

168
(Host operator CAT)3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5Closed 2018168 Communication Co Ltd.

8

Mojo 3G
(Host operator TOT)3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1
Closed January 2017[173]MConzult Asia Co., Ltd.

9

Tune Talk
(Host operator TOT)3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 2100 MHzClosedLoxley Public Company Limited (50%)
Tune Group Sdn Bhd (10%)
Thai AirAsia Co.,Ltd. (40%)

10

Feels
(Host operator TOT)3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 2100 MHz
4G : LTE-FDD : B1 2100 MHz
4.5G : TDD LTE : B40 2300 MHz
0.004574[174] (EOY 2020)Feels Telecom Corporation Co., Ltd.

11

AJ SIM
(Host operator TOT)3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 2100 MHz
4G : LTE-FDD : B1 2100 MHz
4.5G : TDD LTE : B40 2300 MHz
Launched November 2020[175]AJ Advance Technology Pcl.

12

Redone
(Host operator NT Mobile (formerly TOT Mobile))3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 2100 MHz
4G : LTE-FDD : B1 2100 MHz
4.5G : TDD LTE : B40 2300 MHz
Launched May 2021[176]Red One Network (Thailand) Co., Ltd

 

Timor-Leste

Mobile subscribers reach 1.54m at End-2017[177]

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Tele mor GSM-850 UMTS[178] LTE 0.726913[179] (End 2017)Viettel

2

Timor Telecom GSM-900 UMTS[180] LTE 0.620204[179] (Q2 2015)Timor Telecom

3

Telkom cel GSM-850 850 MHz UMTS[181] LTE 0.16[179] (Mid 2015)Telekomunikasi Indonesia International (TL) S.A.

Tonga

As of November 2007, Tonga has 0.03 million subscribers in total.[182]

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

DIGICEL900 MHz GSM, GPRS
1800 MHz LTE
0.020[182] (November 2007)DIGICEL Group Ltd

2

TCC900 MHz GSM, GPRS
UMTS
0.010[182] (November 2007)Tonga Government

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Turkmenistan

As of 2012, Turkmenistan has 4.44 million subscribers in total or 88.8% penetration rate.

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1TM CELL
(Altyn Asyr)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
LTE
3[183] (October 2012)TM CELL
2AȘTUCDMA ETS 450 D 0.055 (August 2018)[184]Ashgabat City Telephone Network

Tuvalu

As of 2008, Tuvalu has 2,000 subscribers in total.[185]

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

TTC900 MHz GSM
LTE
0.002[185] (2008)TTC

Uzbekistan

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Uzbekistan was estimated at 81.205% over a population estimate of around 28.1 million.[186]

The country’s telecom regulator is the Uzbekistan Communications and Information Agency’s Board (CIAUz).

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

UCell
(Formerly Coscom)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/2600 MHz LTE
7.6[187] (November 2010)State Competition Committee of Uzbekistan

2

BeelineGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2600 MHz LTE
7.1[167] (May 2011)VEON

3

Mobi.UZ
(Formerly UMS)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE),
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800 MHz LTE
0.63[188] (June 2015)ООО Universal Mobile Systems

4

Uz mobileCDMA OneNot availableUzbektelecom

5

PerfectumCDMA OneNot Yet AvailablePerfectum

Vanuatu

As of 2022, Vanuatu has 327,000 subscribers in total.[189]

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Vodafone VanuatuGSM-900 MHzUnknownVodafone Vanuatu

2

DIGICELGSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA

700 MHz LTE 2.8 moilion (across Pacific)[190]DIGICEL Group Ltd

AILGSM-900 MHzNot Yet AvailableACeS International

Wan Tok2300 MHz TDD-LTENot Yet Available

 

Vietnam

As of May 2012, the penetration rate in Vietnam was estimated at 120% over a population estimate of around 91 million.[191]

RankOperatorTechnologySubscribers
(in millions)
Ownership

1

Viettel MobileGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
1900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
36.72[191] (May 2012)Viettel Corporation

2

Mobi FoneGSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS

Conclusion

As telecommunications continue to evolve and evolve, the need for mobile network operators in the Asia Pacific region increases. With 5G now upon us, it is important to have networks that can handle the increased demand and provide better service. In this blog post, we will take a look at the five mobile network operators that are expected to be the biggest players in the Asia Pacific region by 2023.

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