Chapters of Kon-Tiki: Across the Pacific in a Raft (Kon-Tiki ekspedisjonen) pdf
Chapter 1: The Voyage is Planned
– Thor Heyerdahl, a Norwegian explorer, proposes an expedition to sail across the Pacific Ocean on a raft.
– Heyerdahl gathers a team of five companions: Bengt Danielsson, Erik Hesselberg, Knut Haugland, Torstein Raaby, and Herman Watzinger.
– The team decides to build a raft using only materials available to the pre-Columbian South American civilizations.
Chapter 2: Building the Raft
– Heyerdahl and his team start building the raft using balsa logs to mimic the ancient rafts.
– They face difficulties in procuring the necessary logs and constructing a sturdy raft.
– Heyerdahl experiments with incendiary devices to split the logs, with limited success.
Chapter 3: The Voyage Begins
– Kon-Tiki, the raft, is launched from Callao, Peru on April 28, 1947.
– The crew faces challenges with steering, as the raft is difficult to control.
– They encounter rough seas, storms, and extreme heat during the initial days of the voyage.
Chapter 4: Life on the Raft
– The crew adapts to life on the raft, with assigned duties and rotating shifts.
– They encounter marine species, witness birds landing on the raft, and experience close encounters with whales and sharks.
– The psychological toll of the voyage becomes evident as crew members struggle with boredom and homesickness.
Chapter 5: Sharks!
– The crew discovers a large number of sharks swimming near the raft.
– They are unsure whether the sharks pose a threat or are merely curious.
– The crew manages to catch a shark, providing them with fresh food and an adrenaline-filled adventure.
Chapter 6: Navigation Challenges
– The crew faces navigation challenges due to inaccurate maps, unpredictable currents, and lack of proper instruments.
– Heyerdahl uses celestial navigation techniques and observations of wildlife to determine their location.
– They encounter significant setbacks when they realize they are drifting farther east than anticipated.
Chapter 7: Encounters with Fishermen
– The crew spots a distant island, thinking it to be the Tuamotu Islands, but their hopes are crushed when it proves to be the Ducie Island.
– They encounter local fishermen, proving their theory of ancient South American civilizations reaching Polynesia to be plausible.
– The crew receives some historical information from the fishermen, reinforcing their belief in their experiment.
Chapter 8: Cultural Experiences
– The crew observes unique marine life, including dolphins and flying fish.
– They witness a large sea turtle, which they try to catch without success.
– The crew is amazed by the night sky and the phenomenon of bioluminescence in the water.
Chapter 9: The Raft Sustains Damage
– The raft collides with a reef, causing significant damage.
– The crew works together to repair the raft, making use of limited resources.
– The incident raises concerns about their ability to survive a similar collision with a Pacific atoll.
Chapter 10: Approaching Land
– The crew spots birds flying west, indicating the presence of land.
– They reach the Raroia atoll in the Tuamotu Islands on August 7, 1947.
– The successful arrival marks the end of their 101-day, 4,300-mile journey across the Pacific Ocean.
Chapter 11: Reflections and Conclusions
– Heyerdahl reflects on the success of the expedition and how it supports his theory of ancient intercontinental migration.
– The crew shares their thoughts on the physical and mental challenges they faced during the voyage.
– The expedition is seen as a testament to human curiosity, determination, and the willingness to push boundaries.
Kon-Tiki: Across the Pacific in a Raft (Kon-Tiki ekspedisjonen) summary